September 24, 2023

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China-Laos railway to lower transportation prices, increase e-commerce

Vientiane Railway Station in Vientiane, Laos, October 16, 2021. /CFP

Vientiane Railway Station in Vientiane, Laos, October 16, 2021. /CFP

The launch of the above-1,000-kilometer China-Laos railway will aid land-dependent transit trade, support lessen transportation costs and improve cross-border e-commerce.

The railway starts from southwest China’s Kunming in the north, passes southward by way of Yuxi and Pu’er, both in China, and finishes at Vientiane, the cash of Laos.

Transit trade will keep on being the largest share of freight rail traffic. The complete transit trade by rail between China and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) would account for extra than half of the region’s railway traffic and reach 3.9 million tonnes of freight by 2030, in accordance to a Globe Bank report.

Primarily based on current land transportation trends, it is believed that the transit trade via Laos will mature from 2 million tonnes in 2016 to 3.4 million tonnes in 2030, and that land-based bilateral trade amongst China and Laos is predicted to expand from 1.2 million tonnes in 2016 to 1.7 million tonnes in 2030, mentioned the report.

Decreasing transport expenditures

The journey time in the course of the rail line is estimated to be 10 hrs, effectively underneath the present road time of about 30 hrs, chopping transport prices among Vientiane and Kunming by much more than 30 p.c, in accordance to China’s Point out-owned Belongings Supervision and Administration Commission.

Yuxi in southwest China’s Yunnan Province is predicted to benefit from its area advantage to develop into an international logistics hub for South Asia and Southeast Asia.

Yuxi International Logistics Port, proven below the roadmap of japanese and central routes of the Pan-Asia railway, will further improve the channeling potential of Yuxi to facilitate cross-border logistics and industrial cooperation.

In the port, some logistics and similar zones and parks have been deployed, which include an sector town integration zone, a business logistics zone, a little- and medium-sized business incubator, an car extensive trading park, and a grain logistics industrial park.

As Vientiane, the cash of Laos, is by now a gateway to equally Thailand and the southern element of Laos, the station in the money will be a multipurpose connectivity hub. Laos can gain from amplified regional transit trade by endorsing the street url concerning the funds and the port in Laem Chabang in Thailand.

Railway performers on board a prepare on the China-Laos railway at Kunming Railway Station in advance of the railway’s launch, in Kunming, southwest China’s Yunnan Province, December 3, 2021. /CFP

Railway performers on board a practice on the China-Laos railway at Kunming Railway Station in advance of the railway’s launch, in Kunming, southwest China’s Yunnan Province, December 3, 2021. /CFP

Trade and e-commerce

Bilateral trade volume concerning China and Laos will continue to grow given the usefulness brought by the rail. In the first fifty percent of this yr, the bilateral trade volume concerning the two nations arrived at $2.3 billion, up 48.1 p.c yr on year, data from China’s commerce ministry confirmed.

In 2015, China and Laos crafted China and Laos Mohan-Boten Financial Cooperation Zone, the next cross-border economic cooperation spot set up by China and neighboring nations. The zone aims to aid trade, investment and staff communications and accelerate the progress of the border area of the two countries.

The new rail also unleashed refreshing opportunities for cross-border e-commerce cooperation, coupled with a favorable e-commerce surroundings resulted from COVID-19. 

Yunnan, which borders Laos, Myanmar, and Vietnam, has witnessed the swift progress of cross-border e-commerce considering that the funds Kunming was designated a nationwide-degree in depth test zone for cross-border e-commerce.

In 2020, the import and export quantity of cross-border e-commerce in Yunnan attained 1.35 billion yuan ($212 million), 13.13 instances that of 2019, according to Kunming customs.

In May well this calendar year, the Kunming Space of China (Yunnan) Pilot Totally free Trade Zone signed a “Joint Innovation Cooperation Arrangement” with the Mohan-Boten Zone to cooperate in eight areas, together with cross-border business affairs, production potential and e-commerce.

In July, the China Submit Yunnan subsidiary transported the e-commerce products marketed to Thailand to Mohan port for customs clearance by way of land transit. It was the initially time that cross-border e-commerce merchandise correctly cleared the Mohan port.

In August, China-Laos-Myanmar-Vietnam cross-border e-commerce training kicked off in Kunming, aiming to cultivate specialized skills in the subject of cross-border e-commerce for the 4 countries.